The Circuit Court Clerk’s Office is continuing to operate and transact business, however is closed to the public with the exception of any appointments scheduled directly through the Clerk’s Office. Persons needing to transact any business with the Clerk’s Office should utilize the numbers below to make arrangements to schedule an appointment.
Deed /Land Records Division 757-890-4103
Criminal / Traffic Division 757-890-4104
Civil Division 757-890-4105
Fiduciary/Probate Division 757-890-4106
Any other Miscellaneous Transactions 757-890-3360
Furthermore, a temporary dropbox will be provided at the courthouse front door security station for submitting civil and criminal paperwork and deed/land recordings. Electronic recording and online payments will continue to be available.
The Circuit Court Clerk’s Office appreciates your patience and understanding and will remain dedicated to providing the highest quality of service possible during this pandemic.
The Supreme Court of Virginia issued an Order EXTENDING the declaration of a Judicial Emergency in response to COVID-19 wherein it is Ordered that Non-Essential, Non-Emergency court proceedings in all circuit and general district courts be in effect and continue beginning April 6 through April 26, 2020. Read the Declaration here.
The clerk of the circuit court is a constitutional official and is elected to an 8-year term by the voters of the locality. The clerk handles administrative matters for the court and also has authority to probate wills, grant administration of estates, and appoint guardians. The clerk is the custodian of the court records, and the clerk’s office is where deeds are recorded and marriage licenses issued.
General district courts have exclusive authority to hear civil cases with claims of $4,500 or less and share authority with the circuit courts to hear cases with claims between $4,500 and $25,000. The circuit court also has jurisdiction over all equity matters; these include divorce cases, disputes concerning wills and estates, and controversies involving property.
In criminal cases, the circuit court has jurisdiction over the trial of all felonies (offenses that may be punished by commitment to the State penitentiary) and of those misdemeanors (offenses carrying a penalty of not more than 12 months in jail) originally charged in circuit court. The circuit court also has jurisdiction over juveniles age 14 and older who are charged with felonies and whose cases have been certified or transferred by the judge of a juvenile and domestic relations district court for trial in a circuit court.
The circuit court has appellate jurisdiction over all appeals from the general district court in civil and criminal cases and from the juvenile and domestic relations district court in matters originating in that court. Appeals from these district courts are heard de novo; that is, the cases are tried from the beginning as though there had been no prior trial. The circuit court's appellate jurisdiction also extends to appeals from certain administrative agencies.
Read more information about the Circuit Court (PDF).
Contact the Court Divisions
Civil CasesPhone: 757-890-4105
Criminal CasesPhone: 757-890-4104
Land RecordsPhone: 757-890-4103
Traffic AppealsPhone: 757-890-4104
Wills & EstatesPhone: 757-890-4106