How the WISE Wetland was Created

When Tabb Library, located at the intersection of Hampton Highway (VA Route 134) and Long Green Boulevard in Yorktown, Virginia, was built in 1998, approximately 1 acre of forested wetlands was filled to construct the building and parking lot.

According to section 404 of the Clean Water Act, York County was required to meet 1 of 2 criteria: The County could either pay an assessment to the Army Corps of Engineers as compensation for the 1 acre of filled wetlands, or the County could establish new wetlands based on a 2 to 1 acreage replacement requirement. The County selected Charles Brown Park as the location to create wetlands, using it as an educational opportunity for its citizens.

Before

A muddy pond surrounded by trees.

After

A large field surrounded by trees with tall grass in it.